Analysis of Household Cooking Fuel Choice in the Municipality of Andranonahoatra, Madagascar

Gerard Andriamifidy Ralibera, Jaconnet Oliva Andrianaivoravelona, Rijalalaina Rakotosaona, Jean de Dieu Ramaroson


Two rounds of surveys were carried out on a sample of households and all firewood and charcoal sellers inside the municipality. In reference to researches carried out in Madagascar and in other countries, this study verified that: – The vast majority of urban households use charcoal as their main cooking fuel – Many households also adopt one or two complementary fuels – The cleaner and more modern the complementary fuel, the higher the standard of living in the household – High standard of living is not the only one factor on which depends household cooking fuel choice. Choosing modern fuels did not replace traditional fuels – Several socio-economical and technical factors have negative or positive effects on cooking fuel choice. Indeed, the choice for a particular fuel is determined by several exogenous factors, among others, electricity bills, household size, the number of poultry cooking per month, the education level of family members. It is also identified the relationship between the consumption structure and the way charcoal is purchased, use of improved cookstove, and dwelling characteristics. Based on these findings, we try to model the fuel choice made by households in the municipality.


Household energy, multinomial logit, marginal effects, Madagascar

Full Text:



Alem Y., Beyene A. D.,Köhlin G. and Mekonnen A., october 2015. Modelling Household Cooking Fuel Choice: a Panel Multinomial Logit Approach. Working papers in economics No 632. Department of Economics. School of Business, Economics and Law at University of Gothenburg.

Akpalu W., Dasmani I., Aglobitse P.B. Demande for cooking fuels in a developing country. To what extent do taste and preferences matter ? The State University of New York, Working paper 243, september 2011.

Bisu D. Y., Kuhe A., Lortyer H. A. Urban household cooking energy choice : an example of Bauchi metropolis, Nigeria. Energy, Sustainability and Society (2016) 6 :15, DOI 10.1186/s13705-016-0080-1.

Mekonnen A., Kohlin G. (2008). Determinants of Household Fuel Choice in Major Cities in Ethiopia. Environment for Development, Environmental Economics Policy Forum for Ethiopia (EEPFE), Addis Ababa.

Nyembe M., 2011. An econometric analysis of factors determining charcoal consumption by urban households : the case of Zambia. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics. Environmental Economics and Management – Masters’s Programme.

Ogwumike F.O., Ozughalu U.M., Abiona G.A., Household Energy use and determinants : Evidence from Nigeria. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2014, pp. 248-262. ISSN : 2146-4553.

Ouedraogo B., 2006. Household energy preferences for cooking in urban Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Article in Energy Policy, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2005.09.006. Source RePEc.

Wambua S.M., decembre 2011. Household energy consumption and dependency on common pool resources : The case of Kakamega forest, western Kenya. Dissertation to obtain the Ph. D. degree in the International Ph. D. Program for Agricultural Sciences in Goettingen (IPAG), Germany.

Alemayehu Zeleke Urge, Motuma Tolera Feyisa. Estimation of Households Fuelwood Consumption and Its Carbon Dioxide Emission: A Case Study on Adaba District South East Ethiopia. Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2018, pp. 92-102. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20180704.11

Gebreegziabher Z., Mekonnen A., Kassie M., Köhlin G., August 2010. Urban energy transition and technology adoption. Tha case of Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia. Environment for Development. Discussion paper. Efd DP 10-22.

Institut National de la Statistique, Madagascar. Enquête INSTAT/ENSOMD 2012-2013.

Sabuhungu E. G., 2016. Analyse de la demande en charbon de bois par les ménages urbains de Bujumbura au Burundi. Thèse, Université de Liege-Gembloux Agro-bio Tech.

Kilahama F., 2016. Impact of increased charcoal consumption to forests and woodlands in Tanzania. Tanzania Association of Foresters, P.O. Box 426, Dar-es-Salaam.

Neumann A., Dynamique des ressources et de l’utilisation des combustibles ligneux: analyse et modélisation dans le cas du Sénégal, Thèse N°1104, 1992. Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.

Masera O.R., Saatkamp B.D., Kammen D. M., 2000. From linear fuel switching to multiple cooking strategies : A critique and alternative to the energy ladder model. World development Vol. 28, No 12, pp 2083-2103.

Toole R., August 2015, The Energy ladder : A valid model for household fuel transition in Sub-Saharan Africa ?

Van der Kroon B., Brouwer R., Van Beukering P.J.H., 2013. The energy madder : Theoritical myth or empirical truth ? Results from a meta-analysis. Chapter two. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 20,504-513.

The World Bank Development Research Group Environment and Energy Team, June 2014. Household Cooking Fuel Choice and Adoption of Improved Cookstoves in Developing Countries, A Review. Policy Research Working Paper 6903.

Aitken R. Household energy use: a comparison of household energy consumption and expenditure across three provinces. Journal of Energy in Southern Africa 18(1): 20–28. DOI:

Hurlin C. Janvier 2003. Econométrie des Variables Qualitatives, Polycopié de Cours, Maîtrise d’Econométrie. Université d’Orléans.

Greene H. W., 2002. Econometric Analysis, Five ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, New York University.

Wooldridge J., 2012. Introductory Econometrics A Modern Approach, Fifth Edition. Michigan State University.

Afsa C. Le modèle Logit. Théorie et application. Document de travail, INSEE, DEPP. M 2016/01.

Maganga A. M., Maonga B.B. and Gebremariam G.G. (2015). “Non-price determinants of household’s choice of cooking energy in Malawi”, International Journal of Development and Sustainability, Vol. 4 No. 1, pp 18-28.

Toole R. August 2015. The Energy Ladder: A Valid Model for Household Fuel Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Abebaw D.. Household determinants of fuelwood choice in urban Ethiopia: a case study of Jimma town. The Journal of Developing Areas, Volume 41, Number 1, Fall 2007, pp. 117-126 (Article). Published by Tennessee State University College of Business. DOI: 10.1353/jda.2008.0009


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gerard Andriamifidy Ralibera, Jaconnet Oliva Andrianaivoravelona, Rijalalaina Rakotosaona, Jean de Dieu Ramaroson

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.