Sexual Abuse in School Environment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Case of Uvira Town, South Kivu Province

Gervais Rugenge Baguma

Abstract


This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of sexual abuse, to determine the teachers’ share and give expression opportunity to the victims. The assumption was that young girls are victims of sexual assault in schools. A questionnaire was distributed to undergraduate students of 3 colleges between February and May 2018 to assess the abusive sexual experiences of childhood, the age of the victim, the type of abuse perpetrators and the opinion of the victims. 277 students voluntarily agreed to participate with 263 respondents (94.9%). 76.8% reported sexual abuse during their schooling, 30% before the age of 16, the average age was 13. Sexual abuse involved 12% of rape, 15% of attempted rape, 36% of sexual touching and 14% of insistent solicitation. 50.5% of sexual abusers were teachers, 33.7% of schoolmates, 13.3% of school headmasters and 2.5% of school principals.   Among 86, 1 % of extra-curricular abuse, 56% was intra-family mainly perpetrated relatives, and 67.8% extra-familial in which 57% perpetrated by friends.  Among 45.2% of girls who had given in to the abusers, 39.5% was for gifts and money, and 37.7% for the promise of marks and 26.8% for fear of sanctions. To end to the phenomenon, 86% of girls had suggested the education of boys to respect women, 81% to promote denunciation, 74% to punish the perpetrators, 47% to end the amicably arrangement and for 32% the castration of rapists. These results confirm the initial hypothesis and call for the introduction of a program to prevent sexual abuse in schools.


Keywords


Sexual abuse - School – Children - Prevention– Congo D.R - Africa.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Marie Devers, Paule Elise Henry, Elisabeth Hoffman, 2012. Les violences de genre en milieu scolaire en Afrique subsaharienne francophone: comprendre leurs impacts sur la scolarisation des filles pour mieux les combattre. https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Rapport_violences_en_milieu_scolaire__cle0bafe2.pdfp32.

UNICEF-PLAN, 2014. Victimes de l’école. Les violences de genre en milieu scolaire, obstacles au droit des filles et des garçons à l’éducation. Rapport 2014.p3. http://www.ungei.org/RAPPORT_VGMS_-_BAT_BD.pdf

Rachel Brock, Elisabeth Brundige, Diane Furstenau, Claire Holton-Basaldua, Meetali Jain, James Kraemer, Kay Mahonde, Candidate Attorney, Malissa Osei, Nadia Gaffoor, 2014. Sexual Violence by Educators in South African Schools: Gaps in Accountability. https://www.wits.ac.za/...schools/.../Sexual%20Violence

Augustine Sambo Azi, Abubakar Isa Saluhu, 2016. The Effect of Child Abuse on the Academic Performance of School Children: Implication on the Nigerian Economy. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences,Vol 3 No.3 July 2016 p23-27

Catherine L Ward, Lillian Artz, Lezanne Leoschut, Reshma Kassanjee, 2018. Sexual violence against children in South Africa:a nationally representative cross-sectional study of prevalence and correlates. Lancet Global Health.2018,6e-460-68. http://isiarticles.com/bundles/Article/pre/pdf/132835.pdf

Uganda Radio Network, 2015. Ministry of Education report on school girls’ sexual abuse. https://ugandaradionetwork.com/story/78-of-school-girls-sexually-abused-government-study

Children in Need Network-UNICEF authors, 2001. Rapid Assessment of the Incidence of Child Abuse in Zambia. CHIN-UNICEF, December 2001

Avon Global centre for women and justice, Women and Law in Southern Africa-Zambia, 2012."They are Destroying Our Futures" Sexual Violence Against Girls in Zambia’s Schools. October 2012

Diraditsile, Kabo , 2018. Sexual abuse of children in

schools: the need for social intervention. African

Journal of Social Work, Volume 8 Number 1 2018

DenisMacCrann,Kevin Lalor,Joviter Kamugisha Katabaro,2019. Child sexual abuse among university students in Tanzania. Child Abuse &Negleget Vol.89.march 2019 pp7-77.

Vol.x.No. x. September 201

Khaled EL-Sayed, Aboul-Hagag,Ahmed Fathy Hamed,

Prevalence of Child sexual abuse reported by cross sectional study among the university students, Sohag University, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Forensic

Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2012 pp89-96.

D.Mbasa Menik, 2011. Les abus sexuels en milieu scolaire au Cameroun.Résultats d’une Recherche- Action à Youndé. Médecine Tropicale Vo 62.58-62

Fiona Leach, Vivian Fiscian, Esme Kadzamira,Eve Lemani,Pamela Machakanja,2003. An investigative study of the abuse of girls in Afrcan Schools.DFID 2013p. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/7052393.pdf

Sara Jeop Ruto, 2009.Sexual abuse of School Age Children:An Evidence from Kenya. Journal of International Cooperation on Education.p177-192

Vol 12, No 1 pp177-192.

Mamadou Lamine Coulibaly, 2013.Les victimisations scolaires au Sénégal à l’épreuve de l’analyse «genre» : De la construction socioculturelle et institutionnelle des violences sexuelles en Afrique subsaharienne. Recherche et éducation.8-Juin 2013.Violences sexuelles à l’école pp 65-80.

https://journals.openedition.org/rechercheseducations/1564

Aleme Mekuri, Aderajew Nigussie, Mulembet Abera

Childhood sexual experiences and its

associated factors among adolescent female high

school students in Arbaminch town, Gammo Gofia

Zone, Southern Ethiopia: a mixed method study. BMC

International, vol.15, No 21

Barbara Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristen Cheung, Tracie O.Afifi, 2017. The relationship between Childhood sexual abuse and mental health outcomes among males: Results from a nationally representative sample United States sample. Chlid abuse &Neglegeted

Volume 66,April 2017 pages 64-72

Barbara G.Amado, Ramón Arce, Andrés Herraiz,2015

Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: a meta- analytic review. Psychosocial intervention 24(2015) 49-62

United Mission in Cote d’Ivoire High commission of United Nation for Human Rights 2016. Rapport sur les viols et leur répression en cote d’Ivoire. https://reliefweb.int/sites/.../2016-07-1_Rapport_viols_Cote_dIvoire.pdf .

Célestin Twagirumukiza, 2016.Sexual violence and girl’s performance in Rwandan schools; A case study of some basic education schools in Muhanga District. The Rwandan Journal of Education Vol 3, No 2 (2016)

ISSN:2509-0119 xx

Sexual abuse in school environment in the democratic Republic of Congo, case of Uvira town, South Kivu Province

Debra Allnock, Ruth Atkinson, 2019. Snitches get stitches’: School-specific barriers to victim disclosure and peer reporting of sexual harm committed in school context.Child abuse & Neglegeted Vol 89 March 2019

Albutt K, Kelly J, Kabanga J,VanRooyen M.2017.

Stigmatisation and Rejection of survivors of sexualviolence in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Disasters. 2017 Apr; 41(2):211-227

S.M.Murray, J. Augustinavicius, D. Kaysen, D. Rao, L. K. Murray, K. Wachter, J. Annan, K. Falb,P. Bolton, and J. K. Bass.2018. The impact of Cognitive Processing Therapy on stigma among survivors of sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: results from a cluster randomized controlled trial. Confltict and Health 2018,12:1

Philip Gilligan, Shamir Akhtar, 2006. Cultural barriers to the Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse in Asian Communities: Listening to What Women say. The British Journal of Social Work, Volume 36, December 2006, Pages 1361-1377

Honoré Mimche, Patrice Tanang, 2013. Les violences basées sur le genre en République Centrafricaine

In Violences de genre, violence sexiste à l’école. Recherche et Education, 8-Juin 2013 p.49-63

Le Maigre C, Taylor EP, Gittoes C, 2017. Barriers and Facilitators to Disclosing Sexual Abuse in Childhood and adolescence: A systematic Review. Child Abuse &Neglegeted.2017 August 70:39-52

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28551460

Allagia R, Collin-Vésina D, Lateef R, 2019.Faciltators and Barriers to Child Sexual Abuse(CSA) Disclosures: A Research Update (2000-2016). Trauma Violence Abuse 2019 April, 20(2): 260-283

Morrison SE, Bruce C, Wilson C,2018.Children Disclosure of Sexual Abuse: A systematic Review of Qualitative Research Exploring Barriers and tors. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse,2018 Feb-March,27(2):176-194


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Gervais Rugenge Baguma

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.