The Effect of External Factors and Program Mechanisms on the Level of Participation of Program Beneficiaries

Muhtadi Muhtadi, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Pudji Muljono, Ninuk Purnaningsih

Abstract


The importance of participating in program beneficiaries is a necessity in community development. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of external factors and program mechanisms on beneficiary participation rates in the province of West Java. The total population of 1,888 beneficiaries of the program, through the formula slovin obtained a sample of 330 respondents. The research sites were Bogor City, Cianjur Regency, Sukabumi Regency and Bogor Regency. The research method used was a survey through a questionnaire and was processed by the SPSS program. The results of the study showed that the variable indicators of external factors were categorized high; the role of religious values, the role of social values and market potential. Whereas in the indicators of community support, formal and informal leadership has a medium category. Then the program mechanism variables have indicators including; program socialization, distribution of funds, repayment agreements, sanctions and awards received high category results, while the selection of business activities was in the medium category. Furthermore, there are several indicators for the level of participation of program beneficiaries in the utilization of loan funds, namely the presence of routine meetings, the presence of routine activities, increasing business, making investments, and developing cooperation that have high categories. The partial effect of the external environmental conditions variable on program beneficiaries was 49.5%, and the partial effect of the program mechanism variables on program beneficiaries was 40.6%, and the simultaneous effect on program beneficiary variables was 56%.


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