Preparation and Characterization of Composite Bacterial Cellulose - Mimosa pudica Leaf Extract

Amike Aufina, Ali Amran, Elsa Yuniarti, Ananda Putra

Abstract


Abstract— The aim of this research was to prepare the composite Bacterial Cellulose of Mimosa  pudica Leaf Extract (BC-MPLE) through a the process of  merging matrix (SB) with filler (MPLE) . The preparation of BC using coconut water, a starter A.xylinum and fermented at room temperature until BC . The extract of MPLE was gained from Mimosa pudica. The preparation of BC-MPLE was performed by immersing BC in MPLE  with a variation of immersion time for 7, 14 and 21 days without and using UV light  radiation.  Results of  BC-MPLE had better physical, mechanical and structural characteristics than BC and MPLE. The water content of  BC was 98,84 % and EDPM was 90,38%. Whereas  the water content of  BC-MPLE  was lower than BC, which  was 98,75 %. Result of the swelling degree BC-MPLE was higher than BC. The maximum percentage of BC-MPLE swelling degrees was obtained in by  7th day MPLE using UV. BC-MPLE has better elasticity, tensile strength and compressive strength than SB. Furthermore, the FTIR spectrum from BC-MPLE was a composite spectrum of BC and MPLE. The degree of crystallinity of KSB-EDPM was higher than BC (BC = 84.470% and BC-MPLE UV = 84.962%).

Keywords— BC, MPLE, BC-MPLE, UV Light, non UV Light


Full Text:

PDF

References


Febrianta, Diki. 2015, Pengaruh Media Perendaman terhadap Struktur dan Sifat Fisik Selulosa Bakterial dari Limbah Air Kelapa (Cocos nucifera).Padang : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Negeri Padang.

Hagerman, A.E., M.E. Rice and N.T. Richard. 1998, Mechanisms Of Protein Precipitation For Two Tannins, Pentagalloyl Glucose And Apicatechin16 (4-8) Catechin (Procyanidin). Journal Of Agri. Food Chem. 46.

Hiller K dan Melzig M.F.2007. Die grobe Enzyklopaedie derArzneipflanzenund Drogen. Elsevier Spektrum Verlag. Heidelberg.

Lapuz, MM., et al. 1967. “The Nata Organs Cultural Requirements Characteristics and Identity”. The Phillipnes Journal and Science. (91-96).

Liu, Y., Hong, H. 2008. X-Ray Diffraction Study of Bamboo Fibers Treated with NaOH. Fibers and Polymers. Vol.9, 735-739

Nakayama, Atsushi., A. Kakugo., Jian PG. 2004. High Mechanical Strength Double-Network Hydrogel with Bacterial Cellulose.Journal of Graduate School of Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 11.

Nugraha, Bonni Artha. 2016. Preparasi dan Karakterisasi Komposit Selulosa Bakterial-Ekstrak Daun Gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb.) untuk Aplikasi Biomedis. Padang : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Negeri Padang.

Pandey, M., Mohd Amin, M.C.I., Ahmad, N., dan Abeer, M.M. 2013. “Rapid Synthesis of Superabsorbent Smart-Swelling Bacterial Cellulose/Acrylamide-Based Hydrogels for Drug Delivery”. International Journal of Polymer Science, 1-10.

Phillips, G.O. and Williams, P.A. 2000. Handbook of Hydrocolloids.Cambridge:Woodhead Publishing Limited.

Picheth, G.F., Pirich, C.L., Maria. R.T., Marco. A.W., Caroline. N.S., Clayton. F de S., Andressa. A.M., Renata. de S., Rilton. A.de F. 2017. Bacterial cellulose in biomedical application. Journal of Biological macromolecules, 104 (2017) 97-106

Piluharto, B. 2003. Kajian Sifat Fisik Film Tipis Nata de Coco Sebagai Membran Ultrafiltrasi. Ilmu Dasar. Vol. 4, 52-57.

Putra, A., Kakugo, A., Furukawa, H., Gong, J. P., & Hagiwara, Y. 2009. Ligament-like tough double-network hydrogel based on bacterial cellulose. Journal of Cellulose, 17(1), 93–101.

Rajwade,J.M., Paknikar,K.M., Kumbhar,J.V., 2015.Application of Bacterial Cellulose and its Composites in Biomedicine.Appl.Microbiol Biotechnol. DOI 10.1007/s00253-015-6426-3

Sari, Marina., Ardi Pramono. 2009. Kadar SGOT dan SGPT Setelah Mengkonsumsi Rebusan Daun Putri Malu(Mimosa pudica Liin) padaTikus (Rattus norvegicus) Terinduksi KarbonTeraklorid(CCl4). Yogyakarta: Fakultas kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Singh, Omchand., Panesar, S. Parmjit., Chopra, S. Harist. 2016. Isolation and Characterirization of Cellulose Producing Bacterial Isolate from Rotten Grapes. Journal of Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia, 14(1), 373-380.

Sartika, Silvia D. 2016. Preparasi dan Karakterisasi Komposit Selulosa Bakterial-Ekstrak Daun Kacang Piring (Gardenia augusta) untuk Aplikasi Biomedis. Padang : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Negeri Padang.

Terinte, N., Roger, I., & Christian, S. 2011. Overview on Native Cellulose and Microcrystalline Cellulose I Structure Studied by X-Ray Diffraction (WAXD): Comparison Between Measurement Techniques. Lenzinger Berichte 89(2011) 118-131.

Yue, Y., Han, G., & Wu, Q. (2013). Transitional properties of cotton fibers from cellulose i to cellulose II structure. BioResources, 8(4), 6460–6471.

Widyaningsih, S., Hartiwi, D. 2008. Pengaruh Medium Perendam Terhadap Sifat Mekanik, Morfologi dan Kinerja Membran Nata de Coco. Molekul. Vol 3, 28


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Amike Aufina

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.