Moisture Resistance of Sugarcane Bagasse Cellulose Filled Tapioca Starch Biocomposites: Effect of Cellulose Loading

Mochamad Asrofi, Sujito Sujito, Edi Syafri


Biodegradable plastic-based starch is become one of alternative to substitute the synthetic plastic. In this study, the biodegradable plastic was made by tapioca starch and cellulose fiber from sugarcane bagasse. The production of bioplastic was casting method. Moisture resistance was observed by moisture absorption testing. The result shows that 4% sugarcane bagasse cellulose fiber (SBC) filled tapioca starch has good moisture resistance. It was indicated by lower moisture absorption for 28.3% at 22.5 hours condition. This result was supported by FTIR analysis which indicates a shift in the OH functional groups wavenumber in around 3500-3000 cm-1. This shift resulting in the new formation of hydrogen bonding.


tapioca starch; sugarcane bagasse cellulose; moisture resistance; FTIR; functional group analysis

Full Text:




J. R. Jambeck, R. Geyer, C. Wilcox, T. R. Siegler, M. Perryman, A. Andrady, R. Narayan, and K. L. Law, “Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean,” Science, vol. 347, pp. 768-771, 2015.

M. Bootklad, and K. Kaewtatip, “Biodegradation of thermoplastic starch/eggshell powder composites,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 97, pp. 315-320, 2013.

M. Asrofi, H. Abral, A. Kasim, A. Pratoto, M. Mahardika, and F. Hafizulhaq, “Characterization of the sonicated yam bean starch bionanocomposites reinforced by nanocellulose water hyacinth fiber (WHF): The effect of various fiber loading,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 13, pp. 2700-2715, 2018.

H. Abral, M. H. Dalimunthe, J. Hartono, R. P. Efendi, M. Asrofi, E. Sugiarti, S. M. Sapuan, J. W. Park, and H. J. Kim, “Characterization of tapioca starch biopolymer composites reinforced with micro scale water hyacinth fibers,” Starch‐Stärke, vol. 70, pp. 1700287, 2018.

E. Syafri, A. Kasim, H. Abral, and A. Asben, “Effect of precipitated calcium carbonate on physical, mechanical and thermal properties of cassava starch bioplastic composites,” International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 7, pp. 1950-1956, 2017.

S. Mali, M. V. E. Grossmann, M. A. Garcı́a, M. N. Martino, and N. E. Zaritzky, “Mechanical and thermal properties of yam starch films,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 19, pp. 157-164, 2005.

M. Mahardika, H. Abral, A. Kasim, S. Arief, F. Hafizulhaq, and M. Asrofi, “Properties of cellulose nanofiber/bengkoang starch bionanocomposites: Effect of fiber loading,” LWT, vol. 116, pp. 108554, 2019.

E. Syafri, F. Yulianti, M. Asrofi, H. Abral, S. M. Sapuan, R. A. Ilyas, and A. Fudholi, “Effect of sonication time on the thermal stability, moisture absorption, and biodegradation of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) nanocellulose-filled bengkuang (Pachyrhizus erosus) starch biocomposites,” Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 2019.

E. Syafri, S. Wahono, A. Irwan, M. Asrofi, N. H. Sari, and A. Fudholi, “Characterization and properties of cellulose microfibers from water hyacinth filled sago starch biocomposites,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 137, pp. 119-125, 2019.

M. Asrofi, H. Abral, Y. K. Putra, S. M. Sapuan, and H. J. Kim, “Effect of duration of sonication during gelatinization on properties of tapioca starch water hyacinth fiber biocomposite,” International journal of biological macromolecules, vol. 108, pp. 167-176, 2018.

M. Asrofi, H. Abral, A. Kasim, A. Pratoto, M. Mahardika, and F. Hafizulhaq, “Mechanical properties of a water hyacinth nanofiber cellulose reinforced thermoplastic starch bionanocomposite: Effect of ultrasonic vibration during processing,” Fibers, vol. 6, pp. 40, 2018.

M. Asrofi, H. Abral, A. Kasim, A. Pratoto, and M. Mahardika, “Moisture absorption and FTIR characteristic of tapioca starch biocomposite reinforced dragon fruit root fiber (hylocereus polyrhizus),” Spektra: Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya, vol. 3, pp. 1-6, 2018.

K. Kaewtatip, and J. Thongmee, “Studies on the structure and properties of thermoplastic starch/luffa fiber composites,” Materials & Design, vol. 40, pp. 314-318, 2012.

H. Abral, G. J. Putra, M. Asrofi, J. W. Park, and H. J. Kim, “Effect of vibration duration of high ultrasound applied to bio-composite while gelatinized on its properties,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 40, pp. 697-702, 2018.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Mochamad Asrofi, Sujito Sujito, Edi Syafri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.