Cause and Possible Solution to the Problem of Absenteeism on Students’ Academic Achievement: Implication for Secondary Schools Addis Ababa., Ethiopia

Messeret Assefa


The purpose of this study was to investigate the cause of absenteeism and suggest a possible solution to the problem of absenteeism on students academic and school performance in selected secondary school in Addis Ababa. The relevant literature was reviewed to secure the methodology and the findings. The study adopted descriptive survey design and a mixed method approach. Combinations of purposive and simple random sampling technique were applied to accommodate the variety of respondents from five different secondary schools of Addis Abba. The study used questionnaires and interview schedules to collect primary data from 100 teachers, 250 students and five secondary school principals. The study was carried out in between February up to June, 2018. The findings shows that as the causes of absenteeism the lecture are not connected to my life, low parent education and negative attitude towards teachers are found to be the most rampant causes of absenteeism. This in turn leads to poor academic performance, students drop out, graduating half-baked students, poor curriculum coverage and loss of interest in learning and it affects the school image. The study also provides an effective solution to improve students’ attendance. These strategies' include; promoting possible measure to students’ absenteeism, parental involvement and participation, developing students’ guidance and counseling program, encourage good communication among the school community, reward students with regular attendance. In conclusion, to curb the problem of student absenteeism principal,, teachers, students and  families need to have a shared understanding of their children’s  education and work as cohorts to meet their anticipated goals.



Cause of absenteeism, problem of Absenteeism, Academic Performance, Secondary schools.

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