Response of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) to Application of Poultry manure and Mineral fertilizers in the Agro-ecological Zone III of Cameroon

Kamdem Teguia Gabriel Ange, Lombeko Obe Tomo Victorine, Foncha Felix, Chatue Chatue Gael, Ngong Mildred Leh, Bame Irene Bonsiysi, Petentsebenkwange Valentine Nchinda, Wirnkar Lendzemo Venasius

Abstract


Declining soil fertility and inappropriate fertilizer application greatly reduce crop yields. A study was carried out at the experimental field of the Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) Bambui, located in the agro-ecological zone III of Cameroon to assess the effects of poultry manure and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, nodulation and grain yield of soybean. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications and four treatments (T1: control: no input, T2: 2.5 tons ha-1 poultry manure, T3: 200kg ha-1 NPK and T4:100kg ha-1 Urea). Experimental plots measuring 4m x 3m were laid out. Planting was done at a spacing of 50cm x 10cm (at the rate of 2 plants per stand) to maintain a plant population of 400,000 plants per hectare. All cultural practices were carried out from planting to harvesting. Data taken on plants included plant height (cm), number of leaves per plant, canopy spread per plant (cm), number of nodules per plant, number of efficient nodules per plant, nodule fresh and dry weights (g) per plant, number of pods per plant, pod fresh and dry weights (g) per plant, number of filled pods per plant and grain yield (tons ha-1). Analysis of Variance was carried out to find the differences between the various parameters and the LSD Fisher’s Test was used to compare the different treatments. The results of the experiment showed that the application of Poultry manure showed a more remarkable and significant (P˂0.05) increase in the growth, nodulation and yield of soybean. This was followed by the NPK fertilizer treatment which did not differ significantly (P˃0.05) from the control and urea treatments in terms of yield. This study confirms the role of poultry manure in improving soybean yield. From the results obtained, poultry manure may be recommended for increasing soybean yield in the study area. However, the application of NPK and Urea fertilizers can also increase soybean yield.


Keywords


Soybean, Growth, Nodulation, Yield, Poultry Manure, Mineral Fertilizer

Full Text:

PDF

References


FAOSTAT, (2017). Statistics database and datasets of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.faostat.fao.org/. Accessed 27 July 2017.

Foncha, F., Laurette, N.N., Kamguia, K., Mounkam, T.F., Fankem, H., Adamou, S., Ngakou, A. and Nwaga, D. 2019. Solubilization of Rock Phosphates by Indigenous Rhizobia Nodulating Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) Isolated from Two Cameroonian Soils. International Review of Humanities and Scientific Research, 4(1): 65-86.

FAOSTAT 2018. Statistical database of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.faostat.org/.

Mahabad, R. 1986. High yielding varieties of crops. All Indian Co-coordinated Barley Improvement Project, IARI Regional Station Kamal (Haryana), p. 641.

Mamia, A., Amin, A.K.M.R, Roy, T.S. and Faruk, G.M. 2018. Influence of Inorganic and Organic fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Soybean. Bangladesh Agron. J. 2(1):77-81.

Javed, S. and Panwar, A. 2013. Effect of Biofertilizer, Vermicompost and Chemical fertilizer on Different Biochemical Parameters of Glycine max and Vigna mungo. Recent Sci. Technol. 5: 40-44.

Chiezey, U.F. and Odunze, A.C.2009. Soybean Response to Application of Poultry manure and Phosphorus fertilizer in the Sub-humid Savana of Nigeria. Journal of Ecology and Nutritional Environment. 1(2):25-31.

Pati, H.M. and Udmale, K.B. 2016. Response of Different Organic inputs on Growth and Yield of Soybean on Inceptisol. Scholarly J. Agril. Sci. 6(5):139-144.

Falodun, E.J., Ehigiator, J.O. and Ogedegbe. 2015. Growth and yield Response of Soybean (Glycine max Merr.) to Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers in Edo Rainforest of Nigeria. American J. Plant Sci. 6: 3293-3297.

Foncha, F., Wirnkar, L.V., Bame, I.B., Nsuh, K.C., Mbong, B. and Mbong, G.A. 2019. Growth and Yield response of Maize (Zea mays.) to Different Rates of NPK fertilizer and Poultry Manure in the Western Highlands of Cameroon. International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering, 5(4):233-239.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Kamdem Teguia Gabriel Ange, Lombeko Obe Tomo Victorine, Foncha Felix, Chatue Chatue Gael, Ngong Mildred Leh, Bame Irene Bonsiysi, Petentsebenkwange Valentine Nchinda, Mafouasson Apala Hortense, Suh Christopher, Wirnkar Lendzemo Venasius

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.