An Assessment of Water Management Practices on Smallholder Surface Irrigation Schemes: Case study of Insukamini Irrigation Scheme, Lower Gweru, Zimbabwe

Mufaro Andrew Matandare, Tatenda Obert Matandare


The aim of the paper was to assess the water management practices on smallholder surface irrigation schemes (A case study of Insukamini irrigation scheme). A case study type of design in which phenomenology will be at the center stage was adopted. Positivism was used as a complementary approach to make the study adopt triangulation. Results indicated that the irrigation scheduling was not according to the recommended or designed. There was a significant difference in the yield of plots with drains and plots without drains. A few farmers had drains on their plots and a larger number of farmers had not installed drains on their plots. Furthermore, most farmers had a portion of their plots that was water logged and a few plots had no signs of water logging. The paper recommends that water management practices on smallholder irrigation schemes that use surface irrigation must be improved so that sustainable yields can be attained and productive land may not be lost due to water logging. Regulation of irrigation scheduling to avoid either over watering or under watering is essential. Installation and maintaining an adequate surface drainage system is critical. Irrigation schemes should strive for improved planning, operation and sustainable; and integrated water resources management. It is also imperative to improve farmers’ knowledge of water management. There is indeed a need in developing countries for capacity building in drainage in all its aspects: design, construction, integration with water management, the environment and health.


Agriculture, Water management, Irrigation, Drainage, Insukamini irrigation scheme, Zimbabwe

Full Text:



Abdullah, K. B. (2006). Use of water and land for security and environmental sustainability, irrigation and sustainability. India

Chancellor, F. M. and Hide, J. M. (1996). Promoting Profitable Irrigated Agriculture: Trade and Fiscal Policies. FAO.

FAO. (1988). Irrigation method: Irrigation water management training manual No. 5. Rome. Italy.

FAO. (1996). Surface Irrigation. Booher. Rome. Italy.

FAO. (1997). The use of saline waters for crop production by J.D. Rhoades, A. Kandiah &A.M. Mashali. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 48. Rome. Italy.

Gay, L., Mills, R., and Airasian, P. (2006). Educational research competencies for analysis and application. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Grafton. R and Hussey K. (2011), Water Resources Planning and Management. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hamdy, A., Ragab, R., and Muguozza, E. (2003). Copping with water scarcity, water saving and increasing water productivity, Irrigation and Drainage. FAO. Rome.

Mupawose, R. M. (1984). Irrigation in Zimbabwe: A broad Overview. Zimbabwe.

Norton, A., and MacMillan, J. A. (1972), A Framework for Economic Planning of Watershed Drainage.Research Report # 6. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Agassiz Centre for Water Studies.

Vermillion D. L., and Sargadoy, J. A. (1999). Transfer of irrigation management Services: Guidelines. FAO Irrigation and Drainage paper 58. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Rome. Italy.

Zikmund, W. G. (1994). Business research methods. Florida. Dryden Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Mufaro Andrew Matandare

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.