The Expression of the Spirituality of the Human and Animal in the Novels by Chingiz Aitmatov on the basis of Amebey Composition

Bahor Turaeva


Topicality and necessity of the topic. In the world literature, the chronotope is interpreted as a compositional element that reflects the sequence and intensity of events, describes the images and affects the author’s vision on the structure, view, perception of the world. In the next hundred years of development of the world scientific-theoretical thinking, the chronotope is accepted as one of the poetic means of depiction of existence and a literary phenomenon based on the writer’s creative intent and ideological concept of the work. The article provides a scientific and theoretical analysis of the properties of the microworld on the example of the novels “The Day of the Age”, “The Place of the Skull”, “The Time of the Falling Mountains”. In the subsequent development of scientific and theoretical thinking in the world, the chronotope is considered one of the poetic means of demonstrating reality, as well as a literary process, which is basic for expressing reality in compositional construction and illustrating the plot, relying on the writer's intention and the ideological concept of a literary work. The microcosm reflects changes in the mental world of the protagonist, while the macrocosm reflects the conflict arising from the relationship between man and society.

The aim of the research work. The purpose of the study is to generalize the scientific-analytical and theoretical examples of parallel chronotope forms on the examples of Chingiz Aitmatov’s novels.

Methods of the research. Methods of comparative-typological, biographic, psychological analysis have been used.

 Results and considerations. The chronotope provides an opportunity to comprehensively perceive the landscape of the literary world created by the author as the object and subject of the work. The microcosm reflects the changes in the spiritual world of the protagonist, the conflict that arises between the relationship between human being and his/her “I”. One of the tasks of modern literature is to analyze the vital facts of artistic epic in modern novels, events in the context of individuality and comparative-typological generalization on the examples of the works by the writers who lived in one place and one time, one place, different time, different places.

Conclusion. In the conclusion and comments section, the theoretical features of the chronotope, the parallel expression of the microchronotope were studied on the basis of the laws of the novel genre.  


chronotope, micro-world chronotope, macro-world chronotope, parallel time, amebey composition, motif, plot line, compositional construction, Chingiz Aitmatov, novel, writer’s style, psyche interpretation.

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