Increasing the Activities and Competencies of Learning Science through Problem Based Learning Modelto Class VIII Junior High School 1 Telukdalam

Murnihati Sarumaha, Lufri .

Abstract


The purpose of this study to improve the quality of learning so in this study appliedmodel of learning Problem Based Learning to improve the activities and learning competencies of learners on learning science. The type of research used is Classroom Action Research (PTK). This study was conducted in two cycles, each cycle consisting of planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. The subjects of the study were students of class VIIIa SMPN 1 Telukdalam which amounted to 34 people. This research data is obtained through observation sheet, and daily test. The data of this research are analyzed by using quantitative and qualitative data analysis.

The results showed that the model of Problem Based Learning learning can improve the competence and learning activities of learners. Aspects of knowledge on prasiklus number of students who complete 23.53%. In the first cycle increased to reach 61.76%. In the second cycle also increased to reach 79.41%. For the average attitude competence on prasiklus reached 1.64 with less predicate, in the first cycle reached 2.17 with predicate enough, on the second cycle reached 2.97 with good predicate. For the average competence of students skill in prasiklus reached 2.05 with enough predicate, in the first cycle has increased to 2.71 with good predicate, in the second cycle also increased by 3.39 with good predicate. Then, for the percentage of learners activity on prasiklus reach 30,88% with criterion good enough, in cycle I reach 49,01% with good enough criterion, in cycle II reach 74,03% with good criterion. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the model of learning Problem Based Learning can increase the activity and competence learners learn.


Keywords


Learning Competency, Learning Activity,ModelProblem Based Learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aisyah, N. 2003. Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning Learning on JSS Lesson Subjects through Collaborative Patterns. Education Forum, 23 (1): 13-24.

Alberta C. 2005. A concept mapping toll to handle multiple formalisms. Knowledge science, Canada: Institute University of Calgary.

Arikunto Suharsimi, Suhardjono, Supardi. 2012. Classroom Action Research. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara.

Asan, A. 2007. Concept mapping in Science Class: A Study of fifth grade students. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 10 (1), 186-195.

Aswita,D. Identification of Problems Faced by Biology Teachers in the Implementation of Learning on Ecosystem Materials. Journal of Biotics, ISSN: 2337-9812, Vol. 3, No. 1, Ed. April 2015, p. 63-68.

Arnyana, IBP 2004. Model-Based Model Development Based on Co-operative Strategy and Influence of Implementation on Critical Thinking Ability and Secondary School Students' Learning Outcomes in Ecosystem Lessons. Unpublished dissertation. Malang: Graduate Program of State University of Malang.

Bello, ZA, Bello, G. & Abimbola, IO (2016). Identification of misconceptions about plant held by senior secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Science, Technology, Mathematics and Education, 12 (1), 316-325.

Boud, D. and G. Felletti. 2000. The Challenge of Problem Based Learning. London: Kogan Page.

Bungel. 2014. Application of Problem Based Learning Learning Model to Improve Student Learning Outcomes of Class VI Viii Smp Negeri 4 Palu On Prism Material. Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education Tadulako, Vol. 2 (5), p. 45-53

MoNE. 2002. Summary of Teaching and Learning Activities. Jakarta: Depdiknas

Finch, PM (1999). The effect of podiatric medicine in Ontario. Medical Education, 33 (6), 411-417.

Friesen, S., & Scott, D. 2013. Inquiry-Based Learning: A Review of the Research Literature. International Journal, 1-32.

Hidayat, S. 2013. Development of New Curriculum. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Hmelo-Silver, CE 2004. Problem-Based Learning: What and How Do Students Learn? Educational Psychology Review, 16, 235-266.

Kramadibrata, Dewaki, Dewi Indrawati and Didik Durianto. 2008. Skilled in Indonesian: for SMP / MTs class VIII. Jakarta: Book Center, Ministry of National Education.

Kunandar. 2010. Professional Teacher Implementation of Education Unit Level Curriculum (KTSP) and Success in Teacher Certification. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada.

Lufri. 2003. Learning of Problem-Based Animals Development Solving intervened with Concept Map and Its Influence on Critical Thinking and Student Learning Result of Biology FMIPA Universitas Negeri Padang. Unpublished dissertation. Malang: Graduate Program of State University of Malang.

. 2007. Activities Understanding Methodology and Conducting Research. Padang: State University of Padang (UNP)

Lee, H., & Bae, S. (2008). Issues in implementing a structrured problem-based learning strategy in a volcano unit: A case study. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 6 (4), 655-676.

Lin, CF, Lu, MS, Chung, CC, & Yang, CM (2010). A comparison of problem-based learning and conventional teaching in nursing ethics education. Nursing Ethics, 17 (3), 373-382.

Marpaung, Rini Rita T. 2005. Use of Problem-Based Activity Sheet (LKBM) As an Alternative Appraisal to Improve the Ability of Critical Thinking and Learning Results of Biology of Grade VII Students of SMP Laboratorium of State University of Malang. Thesis not published. Malang: Graduate Program of State University of Malang.

Nurdin, Syarifuddin and Adriantoni. 2016. Curriculum and Learning. 1st Edition. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Paidi. 2008. Development of Biology Learning Tool Implementing PBL and Metacognitive Strategy And Its Effectiveness To Metacognitive Ability, Problem Solving, and Mastery of Biology Concept of High School Students in Sleman Yogyakarta. Unpublished dissertation. Malang: Graduate Program of State University of Malang.

Rustaman, NY, et al. 2003. Learning Biology Teaching Strategy. Department of Biology Education UPI. Bandung

Sardiman. 2011. Interaction & Teaching Motivation Motivation. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sholahudin A. 2002. Implementation of ausabel theory on learning of carbon compounds. Journal of Education and Culture Jakarta. 039: 8. h.810.

Sudjoko. 2001. Assisting Students to Study Science. Yogyakarta: FMIPA UNY.

Sudjana, R. 2002. Optimization of Problem-Based Learning Activities in Static and Dynamic Power Learning as an Effort to Change Misconceptions and Improve Science of Class II Students of SMU Negeri 1 Singaraja. The research report is not published. IKIP Negeri Singaraja.

Sunaryo. 2009. Improving Teacher's Creativity and Creativity in the Process of Teaching and Learning in Classroom. Capability Improvement Journal No. 2 / XXVIII / 2009, 116-128.

Sungur, S., & Tekkaya, C. 2006. Effects of Problem-Based Learning and Traditional Instruction on Self-Regulated Learning. The Journal of Educational Research, 99 (5), 307-317.

Wahyudi, Andi. 2015. Effect of Problem Based Learning on Process Skills Science and Student Learning Outcomes Biology Class X State Senior High School Jumapolo Lesson Year 2013/2014. Thesis (not published). FKIP Sebelas Maret University. (ISSN: 2252-6897)

Wardoyo, Mangun. 2015. Constructivism Learning. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Wardoyo, SM 2013. Learning Constructivism. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Wang, SY, Tsai, JC, Chiang, HC, Lai, CS, & Lin, HJ (2008). Socrates, problem-based learning and critical thinking-a philosophic point of view. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 24 (3), 6-13

Wekesa, et al. 2016. Among Secondary Schools in Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice Vol.7, No.16, 2016.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Murnihati Sarumaha, Lufri .

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.